The Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances

The Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances was originally signed on 12-5-1994 to provide security assurances by the nuclear powers Russian Federation, US, and UK that they would not threaten or use military force against Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakstan unless defending themselves in accordance with the UN Charter. As a result of this memorandum and other agreements with China, for example, between 1993 and 1996, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Ukraine basically gave up all nuclear weapons.

It does not appear that countries truly honor such agreements.

Libyan leader Muamar Quadaffi gave up certain weapons of mass destruction years ago and he soon was out of power. The Ukraine has had much land seized by Russia in 2014. It does seem that the Russian superpower does not follow through well. Moreover, the US attacked Iraq more than a decade earlier under the false pretense of weapons of Mass Destruction that saw a popular television personality Phil Donahue on his program presenting information by inspectors which included former US service members saying that the weapons did not exist prior to invasion based upon all evidence to date.

Please correct me if I am wrong but it does appear that important treaties such as that of Versailles after WW1 and Memorandai such as the Budapest Security Assurance are treated irreverently at best.

And so, perhaps this helps explain what is happening now in Ukraine in 2022. And, why in the original Godfather by Mario Puzo, there may be much accuracy (even though I thought it could be an exaggeration of what really happened at the time I saw it for the first time in the late 1970’s):

Michael: My father is no different than any powerful man, any man with power, like a president or senator.

Kay Adams: Do you know how naive you sound, Michael? Presidents and senators don’t have men killed.

Michael: Oh. Who’s being naive, Kay?”

Moreover, according to Noam Chomsky, the overwhelming majority of intellectuals have historically been servants of the status quo (see “The Responsibility of Intellectuals” by Noam Chomsky).

It seems that there has been little change since the Godfather was written and then adapted to the screen but those extant changes are explained well by “Holland’s Theory Strengthening It” (1985) in an incremental and predictive manner. As stated many times, The Voter Scorecard could be one method to increase the speed of healthy change. Wars and conflicts waste lives and human resources way beyond any usefulness; just imagine what might have been achieved up to now in the annals of human history if at least people had not been naive to such a degree. So. Who’s saying people are being naive?

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