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Oct 122013
 

Nobel Prizes for 2013 have been awarded this week in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace.

The article, “All Nobel Prizes”, (MLA style: “All Nobel Prizes”. Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2013. Web. 11 Oct 2013. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/lists/all/index.html; retrieved on 10-12-2013) began the following way:

Between 1901 and 2012, the Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences were awarded 555 times to 863 people and organizations. With some receiving the Nobel Prize more than once, this makes a total of 835 individuals and 21 organizations. Below, you can view the full list of Nobel Prizes and Nobel Laureates.  

2013

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2013

François Englert and Peter W. Higgs

‘for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider’

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2013

Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel

‘for the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems’

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2013

James E. Rothman, Randy W. Schekman and Thomas C. Südhof

‘for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells’

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2013

Alice Munro

‘master of the contemporary short story’

The Nobel Peace Prize 2013

Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)

‘for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons’

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2013

The 2013 Prize in Economic Sciences has not been awarded yet. It will be announced on Monday 14 October, 1:00 p.m. CET at the earliest.”

 The article, “The Nobel Peace Prize for 2013” (MLA style: “The Nobel Peace Prize 2013 – Press Release”. Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2013. Web. 11 Oct 2013. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2013/press.html; retrived on 10-12-2013) began the following way :

The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided that the Nobel Peace Prize for 2013 is to be awarded to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons.

During World War One, chemical weapons were used to a considerable degree….”

And ended in the following way:

The conventions and the work of the OPCW have defined the use of chemical weapons as a taboo under international law. Recent events in Syria, where chemical weapons have again been put to use, have underlined the need to enhance the efforts to do away with such weapons. Some states are still not members of the OPCW. Certain states have not observed the deadline, which was April 2012, for destroying their chemical weapons. This applies especially to the USA and Russia.

Disarmament figures prominently in Alfred Nobel’s will. The Norwegian Nobel Committee has through numerous prizes underlined the need to do away with nuclear weapons. By means of the present award to the OPCW, the Committee is seeking to contribute to the elimination of chemical weapons.

Oslo, 11 October 2013″

The article, “Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons – Interview”  (MLA style: “Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) – Interview”. Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2013. Web. 11 Oct 2013. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2013/opcw-telephone.html; retrieved on 10-12-2013) began the following way:

” ‘A new impetus and encouragement’

Telephone interview with Ahmet Üzümcü, Director-General of Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), following the announcement of the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize, 11 October 2013. The interviewer is Nobelprize.org’s Adam Smith.

[AU] Hello.

[AS] Hello, Ambassador Üzümcü?

[AU] Yes, speaking.

[AS] Ah, hello, my name’s Adam Smith, calling from Nobelprize.org, the official website of the Nobel Prize, in Stockholm.

[AU] Yes.

[AS] And we like to record very brief interviews with new Laureates. May we speak for just two or three minutes?

[AU] Alright.

[AS] Thank you.

[AU] Will you ask questions or you want me to speak …

[AS] I’ll ask questions if I may.

[AU] Alright, sure, please do.

[AS] But may I start by offering our congratulations on the award of the Nobel Prize.

[AU] Thank you very much, thank you Mr. Smith.

[AS] Now, in their announcement, the Nobel Committee states that, through this award, they are “Seeking to contribute to the elimination of chemical weapons”. How do you think this Nobel Prize will help with your mission?

[AU] In fact the organisation has achieved quite, you know, substantially over the past sixteen years, by verifying the elimination of 80% of existing stockpiles of chemical weapons, possessed by several states parties. Clearly, 20% of those stockpiles remain to be destroyed in the coming years, but also the situation in Syria poses a particular challenge to our organisation, where there is a considerable amount of chemical weapons. I think the Nobel Peace Prize, in fact, will give a new impetus and encouragement, I should say, great incentive to our staff who are working in the secretariat, and who are deployed also in Syria for the past two-three weeks, and this will boost their morale in order to fulfill their mission.” 

And the article ended this way:  

“[AS] Hmm, yes indeed. And then, the announcement mentions not just Syria, but other states that still have stockpiles of chemical weapons, most notably, USA and Russia. So there’s still much to do?

[AU] In fact, the United States has reached the level of 90% destruction of its own stockpiles, and in the Russian Federation, they have reached 76% of the destruction, of the level of destruction. So these are, indeed, quite significant achievements. The destruction of chemical weapons is a very costly, labour-intensive and, in fact, dangerous operation – we have to recognise their achievements. But also, I have to recognise their commitment in this endeavour. And we expect them, in fact, to fulfil their obligations in the coming years.

[AS] Thank you very much indeed. Now this announcement comes on what was already a busy day for you, because the Executive Council is in session this week, isn’t it?

[AU] Yes, the Executive Council has been in session since Tuesday, and this was the last day in fact. The Council has just adopted its report, but the news of the Nobel Peace Prize, in fact, were really overwhelming at this morning’s session, when I announced it, and they welcomed that of course and they were very moved.

[AS] That’s very good to hear, very nice to hear. Well, thank you very much indeed for speaking to us, ([AU]: Thanks) and it’s been a pleasure to speak to you ([AU]: Thank you) and congratulations again on the award.

[AU] Thank you.

[AS] Thank you.”

This Author does believe that while elimination or destruction of such weapons may be at least somewhat useful in promoting peace, Prevention May Be A Best Practice Tactical Path Toward Peace As Identified In “Six Part Series: Healthy Change” © 2011  in The Hygiology Post ®.

 

The Hygiology Post ® welcomes feedback from readers as to whether the articles (individually and/or collectively) help fulfill its vision and mission.

 

Louis DeCola, Jr.  © 2013                                    The Hygiology Post ®

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