May 202015

An article posted within the past hour today titled “Banks fined $2.5 billion, to plead guilty to market rigging

4 big banks fined $2.5 billion and will plead guilty to rigging global currency markets” “By Ken Sweet and Eric Tucker, The Associated Press” (; obtained on 5-20-2015) began the following way:

“WASHINGTON (AP) — Four big banks will pay $2.5 billion in fines and plead guilty to criminally manipulating global currency market going back to 2007.

JPMorgan Chase, Citigroup, Barclays and The Royal Bank of Scotland conspired with one another to fix rates on U.S. dollars and euros traded in the huge global market for currencies, according to a settlement announced Wednesday between the banks and U.S. Justice Department. Currency traders allegedly shared customer orders through chat rooms and used that information to profit ahead of their clients.

The criminal behavior took place between December 2007 and January 2013, according to the agreement.

A separate bank, UBS, has agreed to plead guilty to manipulating key interest rates and will pay a separate $203 million criminal penalty.”


The Hygiology Post ® welcomes feedback from readers as to whether the articles (individually and/or collectively) help fulfill its vision and mission.


Louis DeCola, Jr. © 2015 The Hygiology Post ®